What Is Full Stack Development? Best full Stack Developer Languages

Definition of Full stack development?

Full-stack web development is a way of working on both the front end and the back end of a program. This is primarily a term used by people involved in web development. The developer has experience creating front-end user interfaces and user experiences, and also has deep knowledge of the programming languages ​​used to handle application logic which called as back-end.

A full stack is a layer of software or web development that consists of the front-end and back-end parts of an application. The front end is what the user sees or interacts with in the application. The backend part is what the user never sees. Application logic, databases, servers, etc. A full stack web developer is comfortable working with back-end and front-end technologies that make a website or application work well.

What is Front End and Back End Web development?

  • Front End Development:

Front-end development is the use of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to develop a graphical user interface for a website so that users can view and interact with it. Everything you see in a website from button to search box or other graphical interfaces are developed by front-end developer.

Major Language knowledge Required For Front-End Web Development.


Hypertext markup language (HTML) is the backbone of any website development, without which a website would not exist. Hypertext means text that contains links, called hyperlinks, embedded. When a user clicks on a word or phrase containing a hyperlink, another web page is displayed. Markup languages ​​indicate that text can be converted to images, tables, links, and other representations. This is the HTML code that provides an overall framework for the appearance of the web page.

2. CSS

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) control the layout of your website and allow your website to have its own unique look and feel. It does this by maintaining style sheets based on other style rules and is triggered based on other inputs, such as device screen size and resolution. CSS can be added externally, internally or embedded in HTML tags.;

3. JavaScript

JavaScript is an event-based imperative programming language used to transform a static HTML page into a dynamic interface. JavaScript code can use the Document Object Model (DOM), provided by the HTML standard, to manipulate web pages according to events, such as user input.

JavaScript uses a technique known as AJAX. It can also fetch content from the web and also react to server-side events, adding dynamic properties to the website.

  • Back End Development:

Back-end development is a server-side function which focuses on everything you can’t see on your website or everything which is done for storing data of website and maintaining the websites overall performance. Back-end developers focus on databases, back-end logic, application programming interfaces (APIs), architecture, and servers to make sure the website works correctly.

Major Language knowledge Required For Back-End Web Development.

  1. Python

Python is a high-level programming language. It supports object-oriented and structured programming. Python is widely used for backend web development. The main reason behind python popularity for the backend development are for its collections of standard libraries and python’s framework.

Few popular framework of python are : django, Flask, CherryPy, Bottle etc.

  1. Ruby

Ruby is a interpreted, high-level programming language. Ruby was designed to focus on simplicity programming with its easy to read and write and syntax. Ruby supports procedural. object-oriented and functional programming. Ruby is very much popular for backend web development for beginners for its simplicity programming.

Ruby is highly influenced from other programming languages such as Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, BASIC and Lisp.

Few popular framework of Ruby are : Ruby on Rails, Sinatra, Hanami/Lotus, Padrino, Cuba, etc.

  1. PHP

PHP is another popular server-side web development scripting language, created by Rasmus Lerdrof in 1995. It is a interpreted language and almost supports all major operating systems and platforms like Widows, Linux, macOS etc.

Few popular framework of PHP are : Laravel, Codelgniter, Symfony , CakePHP, etc.

  1. Golang

Golang is one of the top programming language the backend developers loves to work with. It is a statically typed programming language which is designed at Google. Golang syntax is similar to C but it comes with more memory safety and garbage collection. Golang is a high-performing networking and multi-processing language.

Few popular framework of Golang are : gin, beego, echo, kit, fasthttp etc.

Other popular backend languages are Java, Rust, C#, TypeScript, NodeJS, Solidity, etc.

Here are all the information about the full stack web development also we hope we have cleared the doubts on what is full stack developer, what full stack developer skills we should learn to be a frontend or backend developer and the most popular languages for both frontend and backend web development.

We hope the article helped you to get the initial full stack meaning and knowledge on full stack web development. We will surely come up with more information and knowledge base on this topic in our upcoming articles.

Thank You! We will see you on another interesting and informative article.

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